As the conservation status is defined for a species and not for a genus, differences exist between the different species in the genus Terrapene. Provide a large shallow pan of clean water at all times, but make sure they can easily get in and out of the water without tipping over into water and potentially drowning. An example of this occurs in the eastern Mississippi valley, where this species is difficult to distinguish from the eastern box turtle. It shares sub-specific status with it and two others in the complex: the Florida box turtle (T. c. bauri) and the largest of the four subspecies, the … The Three-Toed Box Turtle is found in the South-Central United States near areas of water in woodland habitats. Apply a minimum depth of three inches to allow for digging. In one easy-access corner, build up the gravel an extra inch high to act as a downspout or water delivery channel. Build your outdoor enclosures on well-draining soil with non-toxic, rot-resistant walls at least 20 inches tall; the wall barrier should also extend down, at least 10 inches underground to prevent your turtles from digging an escape. Some individuals, however, can be quite colorful with shells of yellow and orange radiating streaks and dots. The skin is brown with some yellow spots, and the males may have red markings on their heads with occasional red, orange, and black on the neck and forelegs. Although they will eat any leafy greens, some varieties (like iceberg lettuce) just don't have enough of the nutritional value that turtles need. Do not keep any terrestrial turtle in an aquarium, because turtles do not understand the concept of glass and will become extremely stressed if no visual barrier is given. Lianne is a veterinarian, epidemiologist, and freelance writer who's written nearly 400 articles for The Spruce Pets. The three-toed box turtle is about the same length as the eastern box turtle, but with a much narrower carapace. If feeding juveniles, feed them only every other day. They are known to eat earthworms, insects, snails, slugs, strawberries, mushrooms, and green-leafed vegetation. [8] Being popular in the pet trade, three-toed box turtles are sometimes found well outside of their home range. They can make ideal pets for those who wish to add a turtle to their family, but they are solitary animals. Shell rot sometimes appears following an injury to the turtle's shell. They also seek out water and soak for long stretches if they feel safe doing so. Three-toed box turtles require care similar to that of all common box turtles, faring best in large, outdoor enclosures. Sometimes, faint yellow dots or lines are visible in the center of each large scute. In Arkansas, three-toed box turtles were observed in grasslands in late spring, while in early spring, summer, and late fall they were found in forested areas. Add a hygrometer to the enclosure to ensure that the humidity stays at around 70 to 80 percent. All of these should be cut up into small pieces. Scientific Name: Terrapene carolina triunguis, Life Expectancy: Up to 100 years in the wild; 30 to 40 years if bred in captivity and receiving proper care; only one year if transferred from the wild. Three-toed box turtles are omnivores, their diets varying with availability of food sources and the seasons. In contrast, other species of box turtles we offer are the 3 Toed Box turtle, Florida Box turtle, Ornate Box Turtle, and the Chinese Box Turtle. These reside at our turtle ranch and breed regularly. They live side by side, but cannot be placed together due to aggression towards one another. In the wild, three-toed box turtles have been observed migrating with the seasons, since they prefer humid environments. They have been observed eating the eggs of quail. Box turtles should get fruit/veg mix every other day and protein (worms) on the other days. They actually require a significant amount of care compared to other species of turtles and prefer consistency in their environments; even just a ride to the veterinarian can prove stressful for a box turtle. Indoors, three-toed box turtles should be kept in a large wooden enclosure or a large tub, at least 30 gallons for a single turtle. In captivity, large secure outdoor enclosures are ideal if you live in a favorable climate. Three-toed Box Turtle Terrapene carolina triunguis. Housing the Three-Toed Box Turtle. Scientific name: Terrapene carolina triunguis We have thousands of exotic reptiles for sale from top breeders from around the world. Avoid using Perlite, Vermiculite, and Styrofoam as these cause gut impaction problems when ingested either on purpose or accidentally. Three-toed box turtles are found in several states west of the Mississippi River including much of Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana in the United States. Learn some fun facts about 6 different box turtles types in this education video! Box turtles are mostly found in North America and include the 3 toed, Eastern Western or Ornate box turtle for sale, as well as the Eastern box turtle for sale and a few other species. The highest part of its carapace or upper shell is more posteriorly positioned than in any of the other subspecies. Most individuals have a thin ridge on the centerline of the carapace. Males often have red or orange markings on the head and sometimes the neck and forelegs. These turtles are quiet, shy, and gentle. These turtles need exposure to ultraviolet light to produce vitamin D3 so they can properly absorb calcium from their diet. Only give what they will eat in under 10 minutes; feed in the morning or afternoon, matching the times when your turtle is typically most active. This species has 3 (or 4) hind toes. If their environment becomes too dry, three-toed box turtles in the wild may burrow into leaves or other ground covers to better retain moisture. Head, neck, and limb coloration may include browns, blacks, oranges, and yellows arranged in no clearly discernible pattern. When they are kept indoors in a terrarium, maintain the daytime temperature gradient from about 75 F on the cold side to a basking spot with temperatures of 85 to 88 F. The nighttime temperature of any part of the enclosure should not drop below 70 F. Use a ceramic heater as a heat source. Then add clean (non-chlorinated) water up to only half the depth of the average gravel depth. Any bumps or redness on the shell, mucus in the nasal area or mouth, or cloudy eyes may indicate a turtle with health problems. 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